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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Opioid prescriptions common among Medicare beneficiaries

The often devastating misuse of prescription opioids has slowly caught the media and public’s attention in recent years. It is estimated that opioid addiction affected nearly 2.5 million adults in the U.S. in 2014. Some estimates suggest more than 44,000 drug overdose-related deaths occurred in 2013 and nearly one-third of those deaths were attributed to prescription opioids. Furthermore, prescription opioid abuse can often lead to heroin use (and eventual addiction) when addicts can no longer get prescription medication and/or they move on to cheaper, easily accessible and stronger heroin.

Tragically, an estimated 40 people die every day from opioid drug overdoses.

The University of Minnesota is doing its part to take on this public health crisis and recently hosted Pain. Pill. Problem., an all-day conference that examined the many facets of Minnesota’s issues with opiate abuse.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: The way a soda tax is framed affects consumer interest

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Recently there has been policy discussion, both in the United States and globally, about raising the prices of sugar-sweetened beverages, such as soda, as a strategy to reduce their consumption.

Sarah Gollust, Ph.D., an associate professor in the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota, and colleagues researched the impact this potential price increase would have on young adults’ attitudes towards sweetened beverages. She wanted to know if the language invoked in policy discussions might work to shift views about soda and lower intentions to purchase these drinks.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Parental control: How to interact with your child about diet

New research published in the journal Appetite emphasizes the importance of how different forms of food-related parental control can impact a child’s dietary intake and weight-related outcomes.

The study, which utilized data from the University of Minnesota HOME Plus study, explored ways parents of young children interact around food and sought to understand how food rules and routines established by parents impact the food choices and weight status of children.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Could MRI be used to help detect cracks in teeth?

Photo: Idiyatullin D., et. al

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology may be able to help dentists identify those cracks sooner, and intervene before significant damage is done, and/or determine if the tooth is salvable (i.e., not worth crowning), a new study from the University of Minnesota’s School of Dentistry and the Center for Magnetic Resonance Research (CMRR) found.

“Dental MRI,” or imaging of teeth, has never been studied before.

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research-and-clinical-trials

CTSI research project addresses food insecurity in MN

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Researchers from the University of Minnesota and Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota are collaborating on a study that explores a new approach for connecting food insecure families with food and nutrition resources, thanks to funding from CTSI, Children’s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, and the University’s Department of Pediatrics.

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research-and-clinical-trials

New method makes microbiome profiling more accurate, reproducible

Research out of the University of Minnesota Genomics Center highlights an improved method for profiling the microbiome, providing more accurate data in a rapidly expanding research area.

What is the microbiome? Microbiomes are the communities of microorganisms residing on or inside humans and animals, or in the environment. Understanding the microbiome is important as it can play a key role in the healthy function of the body or of an ecosystem.

 

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