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research-and-clinical-trials

Review: Alpha blockers helpful in treating kidney stones

Photo: Dawn Stahl via Flickr

A new review published this week in The BMJ suggests that alpha blockers are also a beneficial treatment for patients who find themselves in the emergency room with a kidney stone that has dropped into their ureter, a thin tube that transports urine from the kidney to bladder. This medication appears to work particularly if the kidney stone is large.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Could interactions between brain regions cause Schizophrenia?

Photo: jsmjr via Flickr

Scientists don’t know exactly what causes schizophrenia, but a new project led by University of Minnesota Medical School researcher Scott Sponheim, Ph.D., will study the interaction between the visual cortex and the prefrontal cortex, hoping to uncover why visual hallucinations occur, what causes the disease and how to better treat the disease.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Scientists find new way to improve MERS vaccines

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Since the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) was discovered in 2012, more than 1,800 people have been infected with the disease and the fatality rate is a concerning 36 percent. There’s still no approved MERS vaccine for humans. However, promising new research reported in Nature Communications this week may help pave the way for a human vaccine – and give hope for a new era of protection against similar viral infections.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Convenience stores in Twin Cities promote more unhealthy foods

New research from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health shows that making good nutritional choices at convenience stores is more difficult due to the prominent placement of advertisements and products that encourage people to purchase less healthy foods.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Benefits of diversity in doula profession explored in recent study

More than half of all women who gave birth in 2014 were women of color, but there is little racial and ethnic diversity among midwives and obstetricians in the United States.

A lack of diversity in the healthcare workforce has been cited as one of many contributors to the persistent disparities in health status and limited access to healthcare for underserved populations. On a broader scale, a wide range of social determinants of health, which also influence the diversity of the healthcare workforce, directly affect birth outcomes.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Cardiovascular risk factors lead to higher lifetime risk of aortic aneurysm, study finds

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease found in adults. Specifically, this disease refers to the enlargement of the aorta, the main blood vessel delivering blood throughout the body, at the abdomen.

The University of Minnesota School of Public Health collected and analyzed data from a 24-year ARIC study to determine risk factors associated with AAA. It is the first study to report the AAA lifetime risk in a community-based cohort with long-term follow-up.

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