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research-and-clinical-trials

CMRR and HCMC collaborate to study traumatic brain injury effects on vision

The University of Minnesota’s Center for Magnetic Resonance Research (CMRR) and Hennepin County Medical Center’s (HCMC) Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Center are collaborating on an innovative research project to help people who experienced TBI and still suffer from lingering vision effects.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research Snapshot: easing the symptoms of chronic inflammatory lung disease

Researchers at the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine are looking to help people with chronic inflammatory lung diseases like COPD and asthma.

Mathur Kannan, Ph.D., and a research team will conduct a two-year NIH-funded study that aims to ease the harsh effects of these diseases by decreasing adenosine in the body. Adenosine acts as part of a signaling system and is naturally produced in the body at a higher rate in inflammatory environments.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Study finds high likelihood of over-service at alcohol establishments

Excessive alcohol consumption in bars and restaurants has been directly linked to drinking and driving and incidents of violence. Despite laws prohibiting over-service, alcohol establishments are continuing to serve obviously intoxicated customers, according to a recent study from the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota.

“Measuring the likelihood that bars and restaurants will sell alcohol to intoxicated patrons is an important step in understanding the scope of this public health issue,” said Kathleen Lenk, M.P.H., research fellow and co-author of the study. “Preventing and reducing sales to intoxicated customers may lead to decreased alcohol-impaired driving, fatal traffic crashes, alcohol-related violence and other harms.”

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research-and-clinical-trials

Study shows CDC’s PulseNet cost-effectively prevents illness and saves money

Editor’s note: This post originally appeared on the School of Public Health’s blog.

A study from the School of Public Health shows that over the past 20 years, PulseNet, a foodborne outbreak surveillance system, has justified its expense by preventing thousands of bacterial infections and saving millions of dollars in medical and productivity costs.

The study, led by Professor Craig Hedberg and economist Robert Scharff from Ohio State University, was recently published in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine.

“If it weren’t for the activity of PulseNet, we’d actually have seen an increase in infections, such as Salmonella, over time in the United States,” says Hedberg.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research Snapshot: Cats help researchers find ways to ease kidney stone pains

What do people, dogs, cats, dolphins, lions, turtles and wolves all have in common? They all develop painful urinary stones, otherwise known as kidney stones.

Jody Lulich, D.V.M., Ph.D., professor in the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, is hoping to find out why urinary stones form, how they can be eliminated from the body without surgery and how to prevent their recurrence.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research Snapshot: How life in the Soudan Mine could save the Midwest bat population

Photo Credit: Christine Salomon

White Nose Syndrome was recently confirmed in Minnesota and is expected to kill thousands of bats throughout the state. The fungal disease is expected to spread across the United States, causing a domino effect: fewer bats result in an increase in insect populations, potentially leading to billions of dollars in damage to the soybean and corn industries.

The fungus grows on the noses, wings and ears of bats. Bats who are infected wake up during hibernation, causing them to use fat reserves meant to sustain them for the duration of hibernation. This can lead to starvation and death.

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