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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Improved fitness linked to reduced type 2 diabetes risk

In a new University of Minnesota Medical School study, researchers found that increasing fitness could slow the onset or reduce risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.

The longest-running study of its kind, researchers looked at more than 4,000 participants from Minnesota, California, Alabama and Illinois, with data spanning over more than two decades. The study was published in Diabetologia.

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expert-perspectives

15 tips to get you walking more

Today is the American Heart Association’s National Walking Day, an initiative designed to help us all become more active.

Health Talk’s office is lucky enough to have Janelle Nivens not only as an accomplished web editor but walking extraordinaire. Janelle recently achieved her goal of walking 10,000 steps everyday in 2015. In an effort to inspire others to get active, Janelle compiled 15 tips to help you walk more. So, lace up your sneakers, start your playlists and get walking!

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Race simulation testing recommended for runners with recurrent heat stroke

It’s no surprise that athletes are at risk for heat stroke during the blazing summer months; however, a recent case study from the University of Minnesota demonstrates that exertional heat stroke (EHS), a form of heat-induced illness, could still be life-threatening to athletes in cooler temperatures.

The research investigated a 30-year-old distance runner with a history of recurrent heat strokes while racing. A unique circumstance in relatively cool weather triggered a more extensive examination for cause, says William Roberts, M.D., author of the study from the Department of Family Medicine & Community Health in the University of Minnesota Medical School. The runner suffered from EHS despite the cooler temperature, highlighting the importance of race simulation testing for return-to-activity among athletes with a history of EHS.

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expert-perspectives

Expert Perspective: Do workout devices that monitor activity actually motivate people to exercise?

Lately, it may seem impossible to visit the gym without spotting someone sporting a Fitbit, Garmin watch or some sort of exercise tracking device. As the newest exercise accessories help make logging workouts a breeze, Health Talk spoke with Bill Roberts, M.D., from the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, and Jean Abraham, Ph.D., from the School of Public Health, to determine which workout devices and incentives motivate people to get off the couch and on their feet.

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expert-perspectives

Be happy and lean; exercise green!

Exercise of any kind can be beneficial to our health and fitness, but exercise in nature, called ‘green exercise,’ can provide additional physical and mental health benefits. As we swarm the treadmills at the local gym, perhaps we should consider hitting the trails, the park or the lake, too.

“When you go outside, you have a more rich, holistic benefit to your exercise routine,” said Jean Larson, Ph.D., director of nature-based therapies at the University of Minnesota’s Center for Spirituality & Healing and the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. “Green and traditional exercises are both beneficial, but there is a bump in the satisfaction and overall impact of the experience when you go outside.”

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expert-perspectives

U of M expert: Maximize your health through diet and exercise

Regular exercise is extremely important for people of all ages in order to stay healthy, whether it’s running a marathon or simply setting aside time to power walk a few times per week. But knowing when to eat, what to eat and what exercises are safe at a given age can have a major impact on how someone gains muscle or loses excess fat.

In order to fully understand some variables that impact the effectiveness of a diet and exercise routine, Health Talk consulted David Jewison, M.D. in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.

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