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research-and-clinical-trials

Enterovirus D68 confirmed in MN by MDH, UMN

Enterovirus D68 is hospitalizing children around the Midwest due to its severe asthma attack-like symptoms. Today, it is confirmed that the virus has reached Minnesota.

According to a statement from the Minnesota Department of Health, its lab tests confirmed one case of having Enterovirus 68 (EV-D68). Labs at the University of Minnesota have also confirmed EV D68 in 11 samples from the University of Minnesota Children’s Hospital.

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expert-perspectives

What you need to know about Enterovirus D-68

The spread of respiratory illnesses in children across the Midwest, just as school began, has parents on edge. There’s concern over how contagious this illness might be, and whether it can be quite serious.

Enteroviruses are common viruses affecting people of all ages, but especially children. These viruses can cause a variety of illnesses, including the common cold and even hand-foot-and-mouth disease. There are more than 90 different strains and these viruses can cause a variety of illnesses, including the common cold and even hand-foot-and-mouth disease. The current strain causing concern is Enterovirus D-68, or EV-D68. The virus usually affects the respiratory system, causing inflammation of the small and medium airways resulting in an asthma attack-like response.

HealthTalk checked in with pediatric infectious disease physician Bazak Sharon M.D to get more on what parents need to know to help keep their families healthy.

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beyond-minnesota

U of M researcher works to prevent disease transmission in pumas

Minnesota may not seem like the obvious place for researching disease transmission and prevention among America’s large wild felids. But through collaborations with Colorado State University, the University of Tasmania, and state and federal agencies, the University of Minnesota will soon begin work studying six wild puma populations in California and Colorado, in addition to Florida’s endangered panther.

The work to study pathogens in puma populations is made possible through a new $2.14 million grant shared among the three institutions from the National Science Foundation.

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news-and-notes

Health Talk Recommends: U.S. causes of death then & now

Of the many spectacular inventions of the 1900s, it’s safe to say we never may have made it to where we are today without radar, plastics or the once-revolutionary vacuum tube triode (responsible, in case you’re wondering, for launching the age of electronics).

Medical advances made throughout the 20th century, too, are nothing to bat an eye at.

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expert-perspectives

Norovirus: The worst kind of cruise ship stowaway

Imagine lounging under sunny skies aboard a cruise ship sailing through the clear blue waters of the Caribbean. Sounds great, right? Except now imagine that 700 of your fellow passengers are all violently ill. Yeah, that changes things a bit.

The Explorer of the Seas, Royal Caribbean’s ill-fated cruise ship, returned to port yesterday following an outbreak of norovirus among at least 630 passengers and 54 crew members. Those numbers are an unfortunate record among cruise ships over the last 20 years for the highest number of ill passengers.

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research-and-clinical-trials

UMN, UNMC research shows persistent HIV replication is associated with lower drug concentrations in lymphatic tissues

Drugs used to treat HIV penetrate poorly into lymphatic tissues where most HIV replication takes place and there is persistent low-level virus replication in these tissues according to research from the University of Minnesota and University of Nebraska Medical Center.

“We know the drugs we use today are effective because our patients are doing better and living longer, but these drugs cannot cure the infection,” said Timothy Schacker, M.D., director of the Program in HIV Medicine at the University of Minnesota. “We wanted to know why and thought that maybe the drugs were not getting into the tissues where most virus replication is happening.”

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