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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Improved fitness linked to reduced type 2 diabetes risk

In a new University of Minnesota Medical School study, researchers found that increasing fitness could slow the onset or reduce risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.

The longest-running study of its kind, researchers looked at more than 4,000 participants from Minnesota, California, Alabama and Illinois, with data spanning over more than two decades. The study was published in Diabetologia.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Thirty percent of antibiotic prescribing unnecessary

Antibiotic resistance is a growing health concern in the United States, causing 23,000 fatalities annually from exposure to harmful effects, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Excessive antibiotic use is the main driver for the resistance, leading the White House to implement the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, which sets the goal of decreasing inappropriate antibiotic use by 50 percent by 2020.

School of Public Health Assistant Professor, Eva Enns, Ph.D., collaborated with researchers from the CDC and various colleges around the country to determine the number of outpatient visits in which antibiotics were inappropriately prescribed. They found an estimated 30 percent of outpatient antibiotic prescribing was unnecessary in 2010-2011.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Study finds high likelihood of over-service at alcohol establishments

Excessive alcohol consumption in bars and restaurants has been directly linked to drinking and driving and incidents of violence. Despite laws prohibiting over-service, alcohol establishments are continuing to serve obviously intoxicated customers, according to a recent study from the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota.

“Measuring the likelihood that bars and restaurants will sell alcohol to intoxicated patrons is an important step in understanding the scope of this public health issue,” said Kathleen Lenk, M.P.H., research fellow and co-author of the study. “Preventing and reducing sales to intoxicated customers may lead to decreased alcohol-impaired driving, fatal traffic crashes, alcohol-related violence and other harms.”

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research-and-clinical-trials

SPH study shows importance of caregiver’s role in fostering academic success among African American youth

New research from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health finds academic success of African American youth is associated with their access to resources for resilience. African American children who perceive high support from their caregivers and utilize more adaptive coping strategies may perform better academically.

The study, led by School of Public Health graduate and predoctoral student, Ashley Chesmore, M.P.H., recruited 46 African American children aged 8-12 years. Data was collected by  Principal Investigator and associate professor, Sonya Brady, Ph.D., on the children’s resources for resilience such as coping skills and perceived support of caregivers. This data was combined with the children’s progress reports and recent standardized tests.

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beyond-minnesota

Uganda Hub fosters global health research collaborations, education and engagement with African partners

Tackling the devastating effects of global health phenomenon is central to the work of health scientists and educators around the globe. No place is their work more critical than in Africa where the onslaught of deadly epidemics like HIV/AIDS and Ebola, coupled with worsening environmental crises such as climate change and food scarcity, have affected generations of people and challenged leading scientists for decades.

That’s why the University of Minnesota and Makerere University in Uganda partnered to establish the Uganda Hub of Innovation.

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expert-perspectives

The Cancer Moonshot: Dr. Christopher Pennell on cancer research and treatment

When President Obama delivered his final State of the Union address last month, he challenged Americans to channel the innovation and spirit that lead to putting a man on the moon to achieve the next great “moonshot”: finding a cure to cancer. In honor of the cancer moonshot, Health Talk will be drawing upon the vast knowledge of the researchers in the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota in an ongoing series dedicated to cancer research. To kick things off, we sat down with Christopher Pennell, Ph.D., Associate Professor in the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, to gain insight into the work he does at the Masonic Cancer Center and where cancer research is headed.

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