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research-and-clinical-trials

Convenience stores in Twin Cities promote more unhealthy foods

New research from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health shows that making good nutritional choices at convenience stores is more difficult due to the prominent placement of advertisements and products that encourage people to purchase less healthy foods.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Benefits of diversity in doula profession explored in recent study

More than half of all women who gave birth in 2014 were women of color, but there is little racial and ethnic diversity among midwives and obstetricians in the United States.

A lack of diversity in the healthcare workforce has been cited as one of many contributors to the persistent disparities in health status and limited access to healthcare for underserved populations. On a broader scale, a wide range of social determinants of health, which also influence the diversity of the healthcare workforce, directly affect birth outcomes.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Cardiovascular risk factors lead to higher lifetime risk of aortic aneurysm, study finds

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease found in adults. Specifically, this disease refers to the enlargement of the aorta, the main blood vessel delivering blood throughout the body, at the abdomen.

The University of Minnesota School of Public Health collected and analyzed data from a 24-year ARIC study to determine risk factors associated with AAA. It is the first study to report the AAA lifetime risk in a community-based cohort with long-term follow-up.

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Data could help clinics manage HIV care

Regular medical care is critical for people with HIV to manage their health and recent estimates suggest only 54 percent of patients see their providers as directed, far below the national goal of 90 percent. New research from the School of Public Health shows that HIV clinics could use HIV surveillance data collected by state health departments to help routinely and accurately determine the status of patients who appear lost to care.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Study finds minor changes in employer-sponsored health insurance offers after implementation of ACA

Overall offers of employer-sponsored health insurance didn’t change significantly following implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) coverage provisions in 2014. The study used the nationally representative Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Insurance Component (MEPS-IC) and found that most employers either continued to offer or continued to not offer coverage between 2013 and 2014.

The study, conducted by the School of Public Health, is published online as a web-first exclusive for the November issue of Health Affairs.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Health care professionals hold unique position to address structural racism

The responsibilities of a doctor to its patient, or a health researcher to its community, are many: safety, support and equity chief among them. The power and privilege health professionals wield as stewards of health and wellbeing is tremendous and thus must include consideration of the structures and systems preventing all patients and all communities from achieving good health.

Structural racism and disproportionate use of lethal force by law enforcement officers against communities of color is not new nor is the impact of structural racism in health care and health research.

“Video evidence and the advent of the Black Lives Matter movement have forced our nation to begin to grapple with the insidiousness of racism in America,” said Rachel Hardeman, Ph.D., M.P.H., assistant professor in the University of Minnesota School of Public Health.  “Structural racism causes widespread suffering and we all have a role to play in dismantling it.” 

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