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research-and-clinical-trials

Meningitis B vaccine study raises questions about vaccine response in recent New Jersey university outbreak

A new study from the University of Minnesota’s School of Public Health examined a college Meningitis B outbreak  in New Jersey, and found that about a third of students who had received the Meningitis B vaccine did not have a detectable immune response to the disease.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Health Talk recommends: Speaking for the Voiceless

Editor’s note: This article originally appeared on the School of Public Health’s website.

The world is experiencing two important demographic shifts: people are living longer and our population is becoming more diverse. A growing aging population results in major implications for health systems, families, and the economy. In the United States, 80 percent of people over the age of 65 are white. By 2050, that percentage will drop to 59 while the number of Asians and Hispanics in this age group will triple.
Tetyana Shippee

At the intersection of these two major public health changes lies the research of School of Public Health Assistant Professor Tetyana Shippee. She’s working to help answer a very large question: How can we make care toward the end of life a more positive experience, regardless of race, ethnicity, or culture?

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expert-perspectives

UMN expert: Sunscreen might not be as effective as you think

The sun is shining and summer has finally arrived. But before heading out for a long day at the beach, a University of Minnesota expert wants you to take a closer look at your sunscreen. A recent Consumer Reports study found 43 percent of sunscreens do not meet the SPF claim on their label and could be putting your skin at serious risk.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Cigarette smoking prevalence remains high among American Indians in Hennepin County and Ramsey County

A recent analysis from the Tribal Tobacco Use Project Survey of 964 urban American Indian residents in Hennepin County and Ramsey County in 2011 found a high prevalence of cigarette smoking among persons aged 25-44 years (72 percent). Among all survey respondents 59 percent were current smokers, 19 percent were former smokers and 22 percent had never smoked.

Furthermore, the smoking rate and secondhand smoke exposure is still high despite being covered by Minnesota’s strong smoke-free law.

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u-of-m-voices

Maternal consumption of artificially sweetened beverages can lead to infant weight gain

Childhood obesity rates have more than doubled in the last 30 years. One third of children in developed countries are overweight or obese, putting them at a high risk for many diseases.

Now, a new study published online today suggests that childhood obesity could be influenced even before birth.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research snapshot: Thirty percent of antibiotic prescribing unnecessary

Antibiotic resistance is a growing health concern in the United States, causing 23,000 fatalities annually from exposure to harmful effects, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Excessive antibiotic use is the main driver for the resistance, leading the White House to implement the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, which sets the goal of decreasing inappropriate antibiotic use by 50 percent by 2020.

School of Public Health Assistant Professor, Eva Enns, Ph.D., collaborated with researchers from the CDC and various colleges around the country to determine the number of outpatient visits in which antibiotics were inappropriately prescribed. They found an estimated 30 percent of outpatient antibiotic prescribing was unnecessary in 2010-2011.

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