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Research snapshot: Cigarette smoking prevalence remains high among American Indians in Hennepin County and Ramsey County

A recent analysis from the Tribal Tobacco Use Project Survey of 964 urban American Indian residents in Hennepin County and Ramsey County in 2011 found a high prevalence of cigarette smoking among persons aged 25-44 years (72 percent). Among all survey respondents 59 percent were current smokers, 19 percent were former smokers and 22 percent had never smoked.

Furthermore, the smoking rate and secondhand smoke exposure is still high despite being covered by Minnesota’s strong smoke-free law.

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expert-perspectives

Expert perspective: California to raise legal age to purchase tobacco from 18 to 21

According to a recent article in Yahoo news, California Governor Jerry Brown approved raising the legal age to buy tobacco for smoking, dipping, chewing and vaping from 18 to 21.

California is hoping that increasing the legal age to purchase tobacco will lower the addiction rate of nicotine. According to Dorothy Hatsukami, Ph.D., a professor in the University of Minnesota Department of Psychiatry who focuses on tobacco addictions and cancer prevention, young people are more susceptible to addictions because their brains are still developing.

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expert-perspectives

UMN expert: China will see epidemic of tobacco related disease over the next few decades

According to a new study recently published in The Lancet, Chinese men smoke one-third of the word’s cigarettes. An astonishing two-thirds of all men in China smoke, and one in three young Chinese men will die from smoking.

The study concluded that many of these smokers started at a young age, possibly in their teenage years, which adds risk, according to a New York Times article. The article goes on to say efforts to curtail smoking in China are often met with political resistance because the “central government has a monopoly through the Chinese National Tobacco Corporation, and more than 7 percent of government revenue comes from it.”

Health Talk spoke with Harry Lando, Ph.D., professor of epidemiology and community health in the School of Public Health, and member of the Masonic Cancer Center, to discuss what these alarming smoking rates mean for China and what it might mean for the U.S.

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expert-perspectives

Use Of E-Cigarettes Triples Among U.S. Teens

A new national survey confirmed indications e-cigarettes are now more popular among teenage students than traditional cigarettes and other forms of tobacco.

The study was conducted by the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) National Youth Tobacco survey. Findings included the use of e-cigarettes has increased from 1.1 percent in 2013 to 3.9 percent in 2014 among middle school Children. The survey found the use among high school students almost tripled, from 4.5 percent to 13.4 percent. The numbers equivocate to 450,000 middle school users and 2 million high school stu

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research-and-clinical-trials

U of M research finds kava plant may prevent cigarette smoke-induced lung cancer

New research from the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy and Masonic Cancer Center has found that consumption of the root of Piper methysticum, or kava, a plant native to the South Pacific Islands, may prevent the development of tobacco smoke-induced lung cancer.

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expert-perspectives

U of M expert: Smoking cessation programs should consider minority populations

Thursday Nov. 21 marks the American Cancer Society’s Great American Smokeout, a day active smokers are encouraged to use as a starting point for quitting. True, nationwide initiatives like this can be beneficial for participants, but a University of Minnesota researcher believes more attention is needed for minority populations.

Due to the type of cigarettes heavily favored by certain minority groups, Kola Okuyemi, M.D., director of the Program in Health Disparities Research, says their treatment programs need to be tailored separate from the majority population…

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