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Research Snapshot: A detailed look at HTLV-1, the retrovirus that causes T-cell Leukemia

It is generally believed that virus particles need to be fully formed to transmit a virus. But a recent study by researchers in the Academic Health Center’s Institute for Molecular Virology (IMV) shows this may not be the case.

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expert-perspectives

Fighting hydrocephalus

Stephen Haines, M.D., UMN Department of Neurosurgery with hydrocephalus patient Pete Bigalk. Photo credit Tom Dunn.

“Here at the University of Minnesota, hydrocephalus is the most common condition we treat in pediatric neurosurgery,” explained Daniel Guillaume, M.D., M.S., associate professor in the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Minnesota Medical School, “and as such we are constantly searching for better treatments.”

Hydrocephalus is a serious condition with many causes, which in some cases are not fully understood. The primary characteristic is the buildup of too much cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain and spinal cord. That causes potentially harmful pressure on brain tissue. Without treatment, the outcome can result in severe disability and even death.

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expert-perspectives

Man flu or myth? Why we study mice of different genders to understand illness

The term man flu is typically used in jest; perhaps in conversation between two women joking about how their husbands react to illness. For others, the phrase may be completely new. However, recently it has risen to the surface enough in mainstream media and water cooler discussions to draw interest from researchers.

Researchers at the University of Ottawa recently set out to essentially answer the question, do identical infections actually make males more miserable than females? The study involved injecting lab mice with molecules from bacteria. They found at the onset of infection the male mice’s body temperature fell more than females’ did. An article in Stat extrapolated this fit with the idea of the man flu.

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research-and-clinical-trials

UMN Study: Later School Start Times Better for Adolescent Development

Photo via Flickr user derekbruff

Many high schools across the country are debating if later start times are better for students.  A recent University of Minnesota study found that later opening bells were associated with better mental and behavioral health for adolescents.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Research Snapshot: Some melanoma survivors still practice unhealthy sun behaviors

As spring and summer months approach, sun protection becomes more pertinent, especially for melanoma survivors. However, a recent study by Rachel Vogel, Ph.D, assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women’s Health at the University of Minnesota Medical School found this segment of the population may not be taking necessary sun safety precautions.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Community Support Worker Program Helps Ethiopian HIV Patients Remain Engaged in Care

A community support worker program in rural Ethiopia is helping patients with HIV stay engaged in care, which allows them to live healthier lives.

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