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expert-perspectives

Fighting hydrocephalus

“Here at the University of Minnesota, hydrocephalus is the most common condition we treat in pediatric neurosurgery,” explained Daniel Guillaume, M.D., M.S., associate professor in the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Minnesota Medical School, “and as such we are constantly searching for better treatments.”

Hydrocephalus is a serious condition with many causes, which in some cases are not fully understood. The primary characteristic is the buildup of too much cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain and spinal cord. That causes potentially harmful pressure on brain tissue. Without treatment, the outcome can result in severe disability and even death.

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expert-perspectives

Man flu or myth? Why we study mice of different genders to understand illness

The term man flu is typically used in jest; perhaps in conversation between two women joking about how their husbands react to illness. For others, the phrase may be completely new. However, recently it has risen to the surface enough in mainstream media and water cooler discussions to draw interest from researchers.

Researchers at the University of Ottawa recently set out to essentially answer the question, do identical infections actually make males more miserable than females? The study involved injecting lab mice with molecules from bacteria. They found at the onset of infection the male mice’s body temperature fell more than females’ did. An article in Stat extrapolated this fit with the idea of the man flu.

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research-and-clinical-trials

UMN Study: Later School Start Times Better for Adolescent Development

Many high schools across the country are debating if later start times are better for students.  A recent University of Minnesota study found that later opening bells were associated with better mental and behavioral health for adolescents.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Community Support Worker Program Helps Ethiopian HIV Patients Remain Engaged in Care

A community support worker program in rural Ethiopia is helping patients with HIV stay engaged in care, which allows them to live healthier lives.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Should All Breast Cancer Patients Receive Adjuvant Chemotherapy Treatment?

Women who undergo surgery for breast cancer will often consider adjuvant therapy, usually a precautionary regimen of chemotherapy to ensure the cancer is totally gone. For the most common types of breast cancer, this approach was believed to contribute to better long-term outcomes. But new research in the journal Cancer show it may not provide benefits for certain subtypes of breast cancer.

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research-and-clinical-trials

Study explores how bodies breakdown fats

Nearly 2 billion people worldwide are living with Fatty Liver Disease, which occurs when lipid droplets – the sites where fat is stored in cells – accumulate in the organ.

The condition increases the risk of cancer, heart disease and type II diabetes among other health issues.

But new research in the journal Cell Reports, led by Doug Mashek, PhD, of the University of Minnesota Medical School, suggests bodies may process fats differently than previously hypothesized, which could inform how to develop therapies for this condition.

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